School Bus Fleet

FACT 2013

A management & maintenance magazine for school transportation fleets

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trip is one type of activity trip. Final rule: Notice published in the Federal Register by a federal agency announcing a new or changed regulation. Final stage manufacturer: A person who performs such manufacturing operations on an incomplete vehicle that it becomes a completed vehicle. First aid: Emergency treatment given to an ill or injured person before regular medical help is available. Fixed route: Transportation service that runs on regular, prescheduled routes, usually with bus schedules and designated bus stops. FMCSA: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration; an agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation. FMCSR: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations, 49 CFR 383, 390-397, and 399; motor vehicle safety and construction standards under FMCSA that apply to commercial motor vehicles and drivers transporting passengers in interstate commerce. FMVSS: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, 49 CFR 571; construction standards developed and enforced by NHTSA that apply to all new motor vehicles and items of motor vehicle safety equipment. Forward control bus: A school bus in which more than half of the engine length is rearward of the foremost point of the windshield base and the steering wheel hub is in the forward quarter of the vehicle length; also known as transit-style. (See also Type D under bus.) Forward-facing: Installation of a seat (fxed bus seat or secured mobile seating device) in such a way that the seat and its occupant face the front of the vehicle when secured. Four-point tiedown: A securement system in which four strap assemblies attach to the wheelchair frame at four separate points and anchor to the vehicle foor at four separate points. FSS: Fire suppressant system; a fre extinguisher system installed in the engine compartment of a vehicle and activated automatically in response to a fre sensor or manually in response to an alarm. FTA: Federal Transit Administration; part of the U.S. Department of Transportation. Fuel injection: System that uses no carburetor but sprays fuel directly into cylinders or the intake manifold. G GAWR: Gross axle weight rating; the value specifed by the manufacturer as the load-carrying capacity of a single-axle system, as measured at the tireground interfaces. GPS: Global positioning system. A satellite tracking system that enables a receiver to compute the position and speed of a vehicle. Guideline 17: A highway safety program guide for student transportation safety issued by NHTSA in 23 CFR 1204; formerly Standard 17. GVWR: Gross vehicle weight rating; the value specifed by the vehicle manufacturer as the load-carrying capacity of a single vehicle as measured at the tire-ground interfaces. For school buses, NHTSA has defned in Title 49 CFR, Section 567.4(g) (3), the minimum occupant weight allowance as 120 pounds per passenger times the number of the vehicle's designated seating positions and 150 pounds for the driver. GVW: Gross vehicle weight; the actual weight of the fully loaded vehicle, including all cargo, fuids, passengers and optional equipment as measured by a scale. H Handrail inspection tool: A device formed by tying a half-inch hex nut to a 36-inch cord, used to inspect school bus handrails and other areas for possible snagging hazards. Hazard lamps: Lamps that fash simultaneously to the front and rear on the right and left sides of a vehicle, used to indicate caution; also known as four way fashers. Head protection zone: The empty space above and in front of each school bus passenger seat that is not occupied by side wall, window or door structure, the dimensions of which are detailed in FMVSS No. 222. Head Start: A program initiated in 1965 to provide comprehensive child development services to preschool children of predominantly low-income families. Headsign: A sign above the windshield of the bus that can be changed from "School Bus" to other wording, such as "Charter." Health care plan: A plan of action used to outline the care for a medically fragile individual. Horsepower: The measurement of an engine's ability to do work. One horsepower is the ability to lift 33,000 pounds one foot in one minute. Hours of service: The consecutive or cumulative period of time that a commercial driver may be on duty. HOV: High Occupancy Vehicle; a vehicle that can carry two or more passengers. I IDEA: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, passed in 1990 as P.L. 101-476, to replace the EHA. (20 USC 1400 et. seq.) Also the regulations at 34 CFR Parts 300 and 303. IEP: Individualized Education Program; a written statement developed by an assessment team for each child with a defned disability, as required under IDEA. IFSP: Individualized Family Service Plan; a written plan for providing early intervention services to an eligible child and his or her family under Part H of IDEA. Impact test: A simulated crash condition that evaluates the ability of a vehicle or any component or device to withstand crash forces; also known as sled test and crash test. Inclusion: Integration of a student with disabilities into a regular classroom and into a regular school bus; also known as mainstreaming. Incomplete vehicle: An assemblage consisting, as a minimum, of frame and chassis structure, power train, steering system, suspension system and braking system (to the extent that those systems are to be part of the completed vehicle) and requiring further manufacturing operations other than the addition of readily attachable components, such as mirrors and tire and rim assemblies, or minor fnishing operations such as painting, to become a completed vehicle. Incomplete vehicle manufacturer: A manufacturer of an incomplete vehicle, i.e., a person who performs the frst stage of manufacture on a vehicle manufactured in two or more stages of manufacture. (See also intermediate manufacturer and fnalstage manufacturer.) Injury incident, school bus: Any non-crash event resulting in injury to a person while in the bus or while boarding/leaving the bus. Inspection: A close examination of a motor vehicle performed in accordance with local, state and/or federal requirements by an authorized agent of the local, state or federal government. Integrated restraint system: A system in which the occupant restraint for an individual in a wheelchair/mobility aid connects directly to, and is dependent on, the mobility aid's securement system's rear strap assemblies. Intermediate manufacturer: A person, other than the incomplete vehicle manufacturer or the fnalstage manufacturer, who performs manufacturing operations on an incomplete vehicle. International symbol of accessibility: A white emblem on blue background used to indicate TOP 10 REASONS YOU NEED TO HAVE GO2 ONBOARD: Reason #10 Slinging O2 bottles on the back of a chair, hand holding them or placing them in overhead compartments is a recipe for disaster. SCHOOL BUS FLEET 19

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